Gifts for the Kings.
Any treasure have to have a cost, it invested in the idea of usefulitems for this stage of development of society, its peaceful or militarystatus, religion and national culture. However, in all ages above all prizedthoroughbred warhorse whose value is immeasurably enhanced in extreme periods of time. “Half my kingdom for a horse” was ready to give the hero of Shakespeare’s poem the English KingRichard the Third, and in the words of Lermontov’s “dashing horse has noprice.
The great poets do not exaggerate, if it was the descendants of ancient horses massagetov (Sacco), called the celestial steeds, or sledge, or, finally, Akhal Teke.
For confirmation of this we turn to documentary sources and startfrom the beginning. Richard the Third seems stingy to the Persian king Cyrus (6. To n. E.)Plot from the biography which results in his work, Xenophon: “Somehow,Cyrus hosted equestrian events, where representatives of different nations.
Once started the jump immediately broke forward Sakas warrior, leaving otherriders behind. Cyrus offered his kingdom in exchange for a horse on that Saksaid no. (O. Gundogdiev,1997). At the end of 2. BC. e. Chinese emperorthree times attempted to take possession of the celestial steeds, which wasfamous State Tavan, situated on the territory of modern Uzbekistan.First, the Son of Heaven sent to Tavan generous gifts: a lot of silver and goldstatue of a horse-size, in the calculation to get an answer Argamakov.
But theinsidious tavantsy killed after he met them at the border, and took expensive gifts. The enraged emperor went to war in Tavan, 6000 by sending riders from dependent properties and several thousands of Chinese soldiers, but this armywas defeated and Argamakov unobtainable. A few years be quiet emperor gathered more numerous army of 60,000 men, finally dobyvshuyu sought-after horses. In the 13 century, the Italian Marco Polo could not help but noticethese horses during their travels in Central Asia, he spoke about the Turkmenborder with Persia:”This country makes an excellent and rapid growth of the horses whose price is on sale up to 200 francs per head.”
Russian merchant AthanasiusNikitin in his “Voyage over the three seas” describes how he broughtthe horse, which was bought in Northern Persia for 100 rubles, in India, wherefor the stallion Khan offered Athanasius 1000 gold (15 century). On how valued argamaks in Russia, shows at least the factthat at the royal stables, they were forged on a silver horseshoe. At the campwent 4 pounds34 spool of silver (1,745 kg). Argamakov bought Argamakov resulted in a gift andthey have “brow beaten” all embassies and all the caravans arrivingin Moscow. So in 1625 the Tsar Mikhail Fedorovich were summed up as a gift: fromthe Shah of Persia 6 Argamakov and 3 mares argamachi, from Ambassador RustamBek 7 Argamakov, from Ambassador Bulat Beck – 3, from the Persian merchant – 10Argamakov. “(V. Witt . 1957)
At the court of Tsar Peter the Great’s brother, Fedor Alekseevich,”loved horses more than the others. Sam Peter was knocked beautiful goldenmare Lizet, for which he gave the Persian merchants 100 gold ducats and an excellent saddle-horse. Valuing in her mare invested many generations offighting qualities, Peter used it only in the crucial moments of history – onthe battlefield, including the Poltava.Lizet will be compensated by their cost, saving a great king from certain death for him, and became the beloved friend.
Deeply grieved after the death of Lizet, Peter told her to make a scarecrow. For a long time it was stored in Kunstkammer. Now it is stuffed in the Zoological Museum in St. Petersburg.
Constricted clumsytaxidermist, it has lost its original form and only remotely resembles a horse,but gray-yellow color is further proof of affiliation Lizet to the Akhal-Tekebreed. Especially intensively bought a horse in easternRussia in the 20 – 30 years 19 century, and of all breeds more valuedTekinskiy: The average price per head was equal to 310 gold pieces (10850rub.)
Whereas for the Arabian horse, it was around 212 gold pieces, otherswere valued by 130 to 250 gold pieces per head. The highest price, 500 ducats was paid for the stallion Yalantush Khan put on theStreletskii stud. Remonterskaya Commission gave this stallion this description:”Teke breed Yalantush Khan, gray, without a mane, 9 years, 2 yards 4 ½ inches (160 cm), the noble blood,plant Yalantush Khan, governor of the province and Klet great connoisseur, and the hunter rider in North Khorasan. The horse that won the three-day jump of80000 fogs and was so famous for its beauty, that one English traveler took her picture and sent the King of England”. How easy to get a good Tekinskiy horse, wrote in 1895, Firsov:”The Turkmens are very reluctant to part with any decent horses.
Therefore, for the purchase of thoroughbred sledge to go to the most nomadicand not as much money as friendly beliefs to try to influence the Turkomans.They are very sensitive to the decent treatment and proud. The knowledge that their colt bought for winning a victory at the races in Russia and thatTurkmen horse confound the mighty tiger Uruses tempting for them any money, andbeliefs in this way sometimes induce them to agree to sell. In this price theyare in most cases, appoint a moderate … rubles 300 – 500. According to V. Kolosovsky (1910g.), “a purebred,Turkmen horse is calculated only a few hundred in the province and is valuedfrom 300 to 1000 rubles, at a cost of year-old colt at least 100 rubles. Notso long ago were the horses, whose owners did not sell at any price, agreeingto pay unless the White king himself. In 1913, the All-Russia Exhibition in Kiev was exhibited a great group ofAkhal-Teke: she, according to K. Gorelov, “has captured the attention ofan enviable public and even from overseas.” Managing German Horsebreeding Count Ettingenu especially liked the stallion Agar, for whom heoffered 1,500 rubles, he wanted to buy all the Akhal-Teke horses for any money,but he was refused. But in 1791 Germanyfor free got a wonderful Akhaltekinets. This most famous, one can say double, a gift, which is connected to the origin of the whole complicated story, had atremendous impact on all Warmblood Trakehner horse-breeding, and especiallyWestern Europe.
Yes, we are talking about the famous Turkmen-Atti, whose name literally translates as “Turkmen horse. Under the guise of the Arab stallion, as if bought in Damascus, the Austrian prime minister, Prince Kaunitzhad tried to sell Prussia, Catherine the Great had given him a stallion, but he was not recognized by the Arab Commission for their growth and stock, and to avoid the scandal of clarifying the origin of the horse Prince sent a stallionin Berlin as a gift to King of Prussia.
In the 20 century, only in the 50 years, recalled the long tradition of offering Argamaks as expensive gifts at the governmental level. In 1956,during an audience with Queen Elizabeth II at Windsor Castle,Nikita Khrushchev made an unusual gift – a teddy bear and two horses, theKarabakh Zamana and Akhalteke Melekush with national and decorated saddles. Equerry courtyard General Walter Sale, which adopted the horses, in admiration could not find other words, he repeated: “The remarkable horse, really wonderful. A very unusual horse. I have never seen such in England.
BabaTaymazov accompanying Melekush in England, told how on the courtlooked at the horse stables for a long time, touching hands, surprised golden glitter buckskin suit. Suspecting his unnatural origin, washed horse by special shampoo, after which, contrary to expectations, Melekush glittered morebrightly than ever. Melekush was born in 1953 in the kolkhoz”Communism” Geok-Tepe area of the Belorussian SSR. He was correct conformation, harmonious addition, clearly defined type of breed, successfully rode as 2 year old in Ashgabat hippodrome. His father is the same golden-buckskin Mellek (Melek) was born in Dzhambulstud in 1947 from the founder of the line galloping and Er Kul, granddaughterof the founder of the line Posman.
Under Mellek mother came to the Turkmen farm, in the age of three has been successfully racing tests at age 7 became the Champion of Breed at VSHV, and the next year fell. Only two sons left behind Mellek, with both of the gray Karakeik lines Sapar Khan, and both calledMelekushami and both were gifts to distant countries. Junior Melekush – 2, born in 1955, was sent to the International exhibition in Delhi, where it remained.Here is how beautifully describes the history of this gift Karaev P. (1979):”The Indians, who can appreciate and understand the subtle beauty of the horses evaluated Melekush.
They placed beside him, musicians, andimmediately under the melodious music, Indian dancing girls. And in the lastday of the exhibition at the old men came in turbans, they put on the neck Melekushu garlands of flowers and said that he was now conquered India with its beauty.
In 1957, for the expected arrival in the USSR, U.S. President Dwight D.Eisenhower was preparing a gift – a golden Akhaltekinets.
This choice was preceded by a dramatic story. In aneffort to protect the best stallions, cavalry hid them in the desert, but one of zootechnicians Ashgabat hippodrome, to fame, has issued a secret place.Eisenhower did not come, and moving back home, becoming in consequence of the founder of his line. How not to thank for the happy coincidence of breed! Moreover, no thanks to the same accident, for which Erkus had offspring of his best son before he was a gift to Yugoslavia.
New wave of gifts Akhal Teke took place in the 90 years after the proclamation of independence of Turkmenistan.Precious horses, as his credentials, were given on behalf of President of Turkmenistan Saparmurat Niyazov, the heads of European and Asian countries. For example,French President Francois Mitterrand received Gendzhima dun stallion, born in 1987 in the stud”Komsomol” from Pervaz and Garatay. In 1993, British Prime MinisterJohn Major for his 50 years were presented with a gift of Turkmen carpet and three gray Akhal-Teke stallion Maksat (Melekush – kaimak) line Ak-Belek. According to press reports, with the present difficulties, since by law the head of the British Government can not acceptgifts above a certain value, it must redeem the gift or give it to the statetreasury.
Maksat transferred to the stables of the National Guard, but becauseof his small stature, he could not walk in the ranks with the big guards horses. Some time he was in the Army Center for Animal Welfare, where he showed himself very intelligent and smart horse. He quickly learned the rules of driving and been successful in overcoming obstacles to the field, acted as polo. Maksat now lives in Wales with Lorna Winn, who breeds Arabian horses and is engaged in endurance. Maksat serves as producer and is inexcellent shape.
When it came to Phosphorus-2, Boris Nikolayevich was very surprised -the aristocrat just bit into a piece. Last in the line of “royal” gift turned the familiar idea ofthe donors and the donee. At this time, in April 2000, at the home of heavenly horses to the President of Turkmenistanreceived a gift from Russiato the stud farm named VP Shamboranta Vladimir region. This gift was therepresentative of the line Sapar Khan – Sere bay stallion Yakyr (Janissary -Octave), already proven high-quality offspring.
This was an unprecedented gesture, you can see the logical manifestation of the historical connection Akhalteke horse breeding in Russia and Turkmenistan,the hope for further joint efforts in maintaining and improving the ancient horses of the world.